Fungus on fingernails what does it look like

18.08.2019
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No Moons on Fingernails: What Does It Mean?

Fingernail moons are the rounded shadows at the base of your nails. A fingernail moon is also called a lunula, which is Latin for little moon. The place where each nail begins growing is known as the matrix. This is where the new cells are made that will make up the nail. The lunula is part of the matrix.

Not being able to see your fingernail moons doesn’t always mean that something is wrong with your health. Sometimes, you may only be able to see lunula on your thumbs, or possibly not on any fingers at all. In these cases, the lunula is most likely hidden under your skin.

Though the connection is not completely understood, an absent lunula can indicate anemia, malnutrition, and depression. Make an appointment with your doctor if you’re experiencing any of the following symptoms along with an absence of lunula:

  • lightheadedness or dizziness
  • unusual cravings, such as dirt or clay
  • fatigue
  • weakness
  • loss of interest in your favorite activities
  • significant weight gain or weight loss

Azure lunula

Azure lunula describes the phenomenon where the moons of the fingernails take on a blue discoloration. This may indicate Wilson’s disease, also known as hepatolenticular degeneration. Wilson’s disease is a rare inherited genetic disorder that causes an excess amount of copper to accumulate in the liver, brain, and other vital organs.

Symptoms other than azure lunula that occur in Wilson’s disease include:

  • fatigue
  • lack of appetite
  • abdominal pain
  • jaundice (yellowed skin)
  • golden-brown eye discoloration
  • fluid buildup in the legs
  • problems with speech
  • uncontrolled movements

Pyramidal lunula

Pyramidal lunula occurs when the moons of your fingernail form in a triangle shape. Most often, this is caused by an improper manicure or another kind of trauma to the fingernail. The moons may stay this way until the nail grows out and the tissue fully heals.

Red lunula

No Moons on Fingernails

Moons that are red in color, called red lunula, can indicate a number of different conditions which may significantly affect your health. Red lunula can appear in those with:

These conditions should be treated by a doctor, so contact your doctor if you develop lunula with red discoloration.

In most cases, having no moons on your fingers isn’t a sign of something serious. However, if you’re not seeing moons, or if you’re seeing changes to the shape or color of your moons along with other symptoms, you’ll want to visit your doctor. They’ll make sure you don’t have an underlying health condition that needs to be treated.


fungus on fingernails what does it look like
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What is Nail Fungus? – What Does Toenail Fungus Look Like?

Onychomycosis is a fungal infection, usually of the toenails, that is progressive and generally does not go away on its own. Proper detection, diagnosis and early treatment can help speed up recovery, and prevent any permanent damage being done to the nail.

Onychomycosis is a fungal infection, usually of the toenails, that is progressive and generally does not go away on its own. Proper detection, diagnosis and early treatment can help speed up recovery, and prevent any permanent damage being done to the nail.

How to Identify Nail Fungus?

Signs of fungal nail infection

Fungal nail infections (onychomycosis) are estimated to account for up to 50% of all nail problems, making it a very common concern. The numbers are thought to be higher for the elderly.

These are some typical signs that you might have a fungal nail infection:

  • Discoloured toenails (yellow, white or brown discolouration)
  • Brittle toenails
  • Crumbling toenails
  • Thick toenails

Possible complications of nail fungus

As the infection progresses, the nail could become painful and thicker. Nail fungus can also spread to other nails and the surrounding skin, causing Athlete’s foot. Nail fungus treatment can be difficult, so early identification is critical in your recovery process.

These are some typical signs that your fungal nail infection is becoming more severe:

  • Further toenail discoloration from yellow to a darker color
  • Further brittleness and crumbling
  • Possible pain under toenail
  • Toenail thickening
  • Spreading of the infection to other nails
  • Spreading of the infection to the surrounding skin

iDo you suspect you have nail fungus?

If you suspect that you have a fungal nail infection, we encourage you to visit a doctor for a proper diagnosis. To fight nail fungus effectively, it’s better to start treatment sooner. See your doctor to find out which treatment option is appropriate for you.

iIdentified the problem?

It’s important to identify the nails’ problem correctly. Visit your doctor to get your nails properly diagnosed, so you can start the appropriate treatment.

Causes and Prevention

What causes nail fungus?

The most common fungi involved in fungal nail infections are Trichophyton rubrum and Tricyphyton mentagraphyte. These fungi like warm, moist environments, such as shoes. Public areas like gym locker rooms, shower rooms and swimming pools are common areas of exposure to fungi. The feet have less blood circulation, making it harder for your immune system to fight off the fungi your feet are exposed to. Learn more about the causes, preventative measures and how to get rid of toenail fungus by visiting our FAQ page.

Are some people more susceptible to fungal nail infections?

Although everyone is potentially susceptible, there are several risk factors that make a person more likely to get infected. Many factors are lifestyle-related and having an active lifestyle can often expose a person to situations where contact with fungus is more likely. There are also genetic and health factors that can increase the risk of infection for:

  • People 55 years or older
  • People with diminished blood circulation
  • People with previous or existing injury or infection of the nail
  • People with a weakened immune system (HIV/AIDS, diabetes)

iIs nail fungus contagious?

Fungal nail infections are in fact contagious, but not in any way that should cause panic. Fungal infections commonly spread from the nail to the skin and vice versa. Many fungi called “dermatophytes” feed on keratin, the basic material of skin and hair, to grow and spread.

Accidental transmission from person to person is quite uncommon, unless there is constant intimate contact. The fungi that can cause nail fungus infections are very commonplace and are very difficult to avoid completely. Generally, in healthy individuals, the immune system will defend the body from infection and repel these fungi, even if they come into contact with the skin or the nail.

Top 3 Reasons to Treat Nail Fungus

1

Cosmetic Concerns

One of the most common reasons patients want to treat their nail fungus is to improve the appearance of their nails.

This is especially true of fingernails, but even toenails can be a concern during the summer when they are more visible. Nail fungus can cause embarrassment and some sufferers stop activities, such as yoga or swimming, so that others will not see their toenails.

2

Pain and Mobility

If left untreated, fungal nail infections can cause pain and mobility problems. These can occur as the nails thicken when the infection progresses. It may become uncomfortable to wear closed shoes and to walk, exercise or stand. For this reason, early treatment is recommended before the infection becomes more severe or has spread to other toenails.

3

Recurrence and Transmission

Although nail fungus rarely causes serious health risks, the nail can become a fungal reservoir leading to recurrent fungal infections of the skin. These can cause fissures or cracks, leaving the feet more vulnerable to secondary bacterial infections. People with a weakened immune system, such as diabetes or peripheral vascular disease, may be more susceptible to both fungal infections and other secondary infections, resulting from it such as cellulitis.

Fungal nail infections can be transmitted from person to person in the home and high-risk areas, such as locker rooms and public pools. By treating your nail fungus and by limiting exposure by not going barefoot, you can avoid transmitting the infection to others.

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