Bumpy toenails cause

27.07.2019
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What Causes Bumpy Fingernails?

Bumpy ridges on the fingernails can be caused by aging, nail injury, lack of moisture or poor nutrition, according to Dr. Phoebe Rich, M.D., clinical adjunct professor of dermatology at Oregon Health Science University. Aging is the most common cause of bumpy fingernails.

There are two main types of bumpy nails: those with vertical ridges and those with horizontal ridges. Lengthwise ridges are more common, tend to be less serious and are like wrinkles in the nails that get more pronounced with age, says Rich. In rare cases, vertical ridges may be caused by certain diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. If the vertical ridges appear suddenly, they could signify the presence of a rare condition called lichen planus, which also often causes skin rash.

Horizontal nail ridges are more likely to indicate a serious underlying health condition, according to Mayo Clinic. These indentations, called Beau's lines, are associated with peripheral vascular disease, uncontrolled diabetes, pneumonia, measles, mumps and scarlet fever. Beau's lines can also be a sign of a severe zinc deficiency.

If a singular horizontal ridge appears, it may be sign that nail growth was temporarily disrupted while the body was fighting off illness, explains the Huffington Post. However, if nail defects keep occurring as the nail grows out, it signifies an ongoing problem with nail growth, which can occur with kidney, lung or liver disease, states Jessica Krant, M.D. Recurring ridges may also be accompanied by nail discoloration, such as whitening or yellowing.


bumpy toenails cause
Ingrown Toenails: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Onychocryptosis, known as ingrown nails or ingrowing nails, is a form of nail disease. It is a painful condition in which the nail grows or cuts into one or both sides of the nail bed.

Ingrown nails can occur in both fingernails and toenails, however they occur most commonly with toenails.

An ingrown toenail is a painful condition of the toe. The area is usually red and may be warm, if not treated, ingrown toenails can be prone to infection.

With bacterial invasion, the nail margin becomes red and swollen often demonstrating drainage or pus. Some ingrown toenails are chronic, with repeated episodes of pain and infection.

Ingrown toenails can be caused by cutting toenails improperly, by wearing shoes that fit poorly or by injuring the nail bed. While many things can cause ingrown toenails, the major causes are shoes that don't fit well and improperly trimmed nails.

This condition is usually very painful and can be associated with infection of the toe. Ingrown toenails also can run in the family.

Some ingrown toenails are chronic, with repeated episodes of pain and infection.

Irritation, redness, an uncomfortable sensation of warmth, as well as swelling can result from an ingrown toenail. When the toenail grows into the surrounding tissue, a painful toe is the result. Ingrown nails may produce no symptoms at first but eventually may become painful, especially when pressure is applied to the ingrown area. The great toe is usually affected, but any toenail can become ingrown. In people who have diabetes or poor circulation this relatively minor problem can be become quite severe.

Ingrown nails may develop for many reasons. Some cases are congenital the nail is just too large for the toe.

Ingrown toenails are common in adults but uncommon in children and infants. Any toenail can become ingrown, but the condition is usually found in the big toe.

If you have diabetes or another condition that causes poor circulation to your feet, you're at greater risk of complications from an ingrown toenail. Soaking the foot in warm salty water may relieve the pain temporarily. The toe is not necessarily infected, but this can develop after the nail penetrate the skin to become ingrown.

The infection can spread, making the toe red and inflamed (paronychia). This is different from nail fungus. A collection of pus may also develop. The condition usually affects your big toe. If left untreated, the inflammation can spread to the rest of your toe and the area becomes infected. It may smell unpleasant. Sometimes initial treatment for ingrown toenails can be safely performed at home.

Causes of Ingrown toenails

  • While many things can cause ingrown toenails, the major causes are shoes that don't fit well and improperly trimmed nails.
  • Injury to your toenail.
  • Unusually curved toenails.
  • Ingrown toenails can be caused by cutting toenails improperly, by wearing shoes that fit poorly or by injuring the nail bed.
  • Repeated trauma, such as the pounding to which runners typically subject their feet, also can cause ingrown nails.
  • Nail length: Cutting the nail so short that it is not constrained by the distal portion of the cuticles, allowing side slippage and penetration of the lateral nail bed by the nail substance.
  • Trauma, such as stubbing the toe or having the toe stepped on, may also cause an ingrown nail.
  • If a member of your family has an ingrown toenail, then you are more likely to develop one too.

Symptoms of Ingrown Toenails

  • The most common symptom of an ingrown toenail is pain, especially if the area becomes infected.
  • Tenderness in your toe along one or both sides of the nail.
  • Swelling of your toe around the nail.
  • Infection of the tissue around your toenail.
  • You may develop a fever, although this is unusual.
  • In addition, a small amount of pus will come out of the edge.
  • The infection can spread, making the toe red and inflamed (paronychia).

Treatment of Ingrown Toenails

  • Apply a mild antiseptic solution to the area.
  • Soak the foot in warm water 4 times a day. You do not need to add soap or antibacterial agents to the water.
  • Partial nail removal with cauterization of the nail matrix is curative in 70-90% of cases.
  • Wear comfortable shoes with adequate room for the toes. Consider wearing sandals until the condition clears up.
  • Putting cotton in the corner.
  • If home remedies don't help, your doctor can treat an ingrown toenail by trimming or removing the ingrown portion of your nail to help relieve pain.
  • Sometimes antibiotics are used to help the infection clear after the nail has been removed.
  • Surgery may involve numbing the toe and removing a corner of the nail, a larger portion of the nail, or the entire nail.

Similar Documents

Full List - 9 Documents

Cite:Journal: Disabled World. Language: English. Author: Juliet Cohen. Electronic Publication Date: 2009/02/28. Last Revised Date: 2017/06/25. Reference Title: "Ingrown Toenails: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment", Source: Ingrown Toenails: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment. Abstract: Ingrown toenails can be caused by cutting toenails improperly by wearing shoes that fit poorly or by injuring the nail bed. Retrieved 2019-07-27, from https://www.disabled-world.com/health/dermatology/nails/ingrown-toenails.php - Reference Category Number: DW#268-991.



Thick toenails: Causes, symptoms, and treatments

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Ridges in fingernails: Types, causes, and treatment

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